The House Judiciary Committee this week advanced five proposals designed to rein in the power of tech giants including Facebook, Google, and Amazon.
Primary objectives of the proposals include:
- Prohibit dominant platforms from prioritizing their own products and services (for example, when Alexa asks you to order products from Amazon).
- Prohibit tech giants like Facebook from acquiring competitors.
- Prohibit tech giants from owning/operating business lines that present conflicts of interest (such as those that could incentivize a platform to favor its own services).
- Establish new requirements for interoperability and data portability.
- Shift the burden of proof onto dominant platforms to show that proposed mergers do not violate antitrust laws.
- Increase filing fees for mergers worth more than $500 million and decrease fees for merges worth less than $500 million.
- Ensure state attorneys general can remain in the court they choose (for antitrust cases).
- Increase the Federal Trade Commission’s budget.
The proposals – which will affect platforms with over $600 billion in market cap and at least 50 million monthly users in the United States – are the result of a 15-month antitrust investigation led by Rep. David Cicilline(D-RI). The investigation accuses Facebook, Google, Amazon, and Apple of abusing their market power by charging excessive fees, imposing brutal contact terms, and collecting valuable data from individuals and businesses that rely on them.
Tech giants that could be broken up under the new proposals and have asked lawmakers to reconsider.
“Antitrust laws should promote competition and protect consumers, not punish successful American companies,” said a Facebook spokesperson. “These bills underestimate the unrelenting competition within the tech sector, including competition from foreign companies such as TikTok, WeChat, and Alibaba. The proposed bills aren’t a solution to the ever-changing challenges of the consumer Internet; they are a poison pill for America’s tech industry at a time our economy can least afford it.
The FTC, now led by antitrust scholar Lina Khan, has already sued Facebook over its acquisition of WhatsApp and Instagram.
Representatives from Google and Amazon have voiced concerns regarding the potential disruption of services. Mark Isakowitz, Google’s Vice President of government affairs, claimed the proposals would force Google to “degrade” services used by hundreds of millions of people.
Brian Huseman, Amazon’s Vice President of public policy, warned the new policies could make it harder for small- and medium-sized businesses that operate through Amazon’s marketplace to find buyers. “Removing the selection of these sellers from Amazon’s store would also create less price competition for products and likely end up increasing prices for consumers.”
The National Venture Capital Association claims the bill affecting merges will result in fewer start-up companies.
Getting purchased by a larger company is often the “most likely liquidity opportunity” for entrepreneurs, argued an NVCA spokesperson. “Barring acquisitions of companies by select acquirers would close the door to this opportunity for many startups, depressing the economics of startup investment, and therefore creating a signifiant disincentive for new company formation.”
Each antitrust proposal has a degree of support from both political parties, though Republicans seek to add language addressing Big Tech’s anti-conservative bias.
Author’s Note: It’s about time we did something to break up the Big Tech monopolies and lessen the control they have over the economy and our lives.